Overview

  • Migraine is the head pain, usually on one side of the head, it can last for hours or even days. Migraines are supposed to be undiagnosed and untreated. Migraines are usually accompanied with vomiting, sensitivity with bright light, strong smell and loud sound, or loss of vision.
  • According to American Migraine Foundation, Migraine affects 36 million Americans and more than 90% of those affected by Migraine, it really interferes with education, work and social activities.

Migraine facts:

  • It is estimated that 144 million people worldwide affected by Migraine.
  • 70% of all Migraine sufferers are women.
  • The World Health Organization declared that Migraine is one of the 10 most disabling medical illnesses on Earth.
  • Migraines affect 14.7% of the population( around 1 in 7 people)
  • 10% of school-age children suffers from Migraine.
  • At the age of 17, around 8% of boys and 23% of girls have experienced Migraines.

Migraine Causes

Migraine causes are not fully declared, there are variety of reasons why somebody suffers the migraine attracts. Mental and physical health, environment, hormone, food and genetics are also the main triggers caused the pain. However, not everyone has a clear causes/ triggers for Migraine.

Pixabay picture – @lukasbieri

  • Emotional triggers: stress, anxiety, shock, mental sickness.
  • Physical triggers: poor posture, shoulders pain, too pressure workout.
  • Medications: sleeping pills, birth control pills.
  • Sleep pattern changes: lack of sleeping, jet lag, sleep disorders, night shift work, sudden change in time etc.
  • Weather changes: the change of temperature and barometric pressure can cause migraine attracts for some people.
  • Sensory stimuli: bright lights, loud sound, strong smell, strong perfume, smoke.
  • Alcoholic drinks: alcohol, high caffeine drinks.
  • Hormonal changes in women: hormonal level changes in menstrual period and
    in the perimenopause period.
  • Foods: Migraine can be triggered by certain foods: chocolate, dairy food, chicken livers, nuts and seeds, aged cheese, salty food, etc.
  • Others: The pain also depends on how dry the hair is after showering. So make sure that, your hair is dry before going to bed.

Poor sleeping habits are a trigger for migraines, along with certain foods and drinks, stress, overstimulation, hormones, and certain medications. It is in your best interest to have regular sleeping patterns to decrease the risk of onset.

– Mark R. LaFlamme, MD –

Genetics and other risk factors

  • Family history & Genetics: if any of your family members ‘ve got Migraine, there is a great chance
  • Gender: Migraines are 3 threes more common in women than in men. The attacks usually last longer in women.
  • Age: Migraine can be at any ages even children, according to some doctors and studies, it tent to peak at your 30s.

Types

There are 2 main types of Migraines.

1.Migraine with aura( classical Migraine): There are some unusual visual symptoms that occur usually 10 to 30 minutes before you’ve got Migraine attacks. Aura occurs in around 20%-25% of all the migraine sufferers. It can be some zigzag line in your visual field, some blind spots, or even completely blindness. But depending on how your eyes are affected, it is classified into 2 different sub-types Migraine with aura:

  • Retinal Migraine: Visual symptoms occur in 2 eyes
  • Ocular Migraine: visual symptoms occur in 1 eyes.

2. Migraine without aura( common Migraine): it is the most common type, around 75% of Migraine experience this type. It usually doesn’t have any early symptoms/ aura before the pain.

You can find out more about Migraines’ types here.

Prevention

It seems like no cure for Migraine, however there is something that we can change in our daily habits to prevent the Migraine, including nutritional supplement, lifestyle changes, exercise and avoiding pain triggers.

Pixabay picture
  • Doing yoga and meditation
  • Getting enough sleep and avoid staying up late.
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Do exercise/ workout
  • Rest in a quiet and dark place

For those who really suffer the painkillers, it is better to visit your doctor and take specific medications.

Differences between Migraine and headache

References & Other Resources

Medical Encyclopedia of Medline Plus, Migraine (Accessed 2019-8-22 )

Mayo Clinic Healthy And Living, Migraine(Accessed 2019-8-22 )

American Migraine Association,Silent Migraine: A Guide(Accessed 2019-8-25 )

The World Health Organization,How common are headaches?(Accessed 2019-8-25)

News Medical Life Sciences, Headache and Migraine: What’s the Difference?(Accessed 2019-8-25 )

The Migraine Trust, Facts and figures (Accessed 2019-8-26 )

Migraine Research Foundation, Migraine in kids is not just a bad headache (Accessed 2019-8-26 )

Web MD, Types of Migraine Headaches, (Accessed 2019-9-01 )


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